Italy currently produces about 7 / 7.5 percent of its national demand for oil and gas. Much of its energy is imported. But beneath its seas there is a large presence of methane gas, not to mention the onshore fields.
The Adriatic Sea has always been rich in hydrocarbons, in particular oil. As for the gas alone, about half, 30 billion cubic meters, is guarded in the northern Adriatic. If our country decides to drill the Adriatic, could double its production of hydrocarbons and in the time period of 10-15 years could become an energy power by exploiting its oil fields on land and at sea with a satisfaction of the national requirement of 47 percent.
Today, the Adriatic Sea is divided into two. On the one hand the area near the coast of Croatia, Montenegro, Albania and Greece, which sees an increasingly hectic and to attribute the work of extraction of natural gas and oil in large enterprises worldwide. The other the waters off Italy, in which each hypothesis exploration is still the nineties. It is in fact more than two decades that the exploration and production of natural gas in the northern Adriatic are prohibited because of the risks linked to the slow and gradual lowering vertical seafloor. This resulted in a delay in land that may be strategic for economic recovery and the global role of our country. But even with the research blocked could count on potential reserves of 700 million tons of oil equivalent, equal to about five years of consumption.
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